ACI 318-02 PDF

ACI History[ edit ] A lack of standards for making concrete blocks resulted in a negative perception of concrete for construction. An editorial by Charles C. Brown in the September issue of Municipal Engineering discussed the idea of forming an organization to bring order and standard practices to the industry. Richard Humphrey was elected its first President. The first committees were appointed at the convention in Indianapolis and offered preliminary reports on a number of subject areas.

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The purpose and origin of each load combination are given. You can remove or modify any of these load combinations. You can also add load combinations. The load and strength reduction factors changed significantly in the ACI code.

In general, the load factors were reduced and are now in agreement with the strength design of other materials. The strength reduction factors were generally reduced in order to provide similar design results as the previous code ACI RAM Concept uses loading types to determine the appropriate factors in some load combinations.

The factor on "L" in ACI equations , , and will be equal to 0. Note: Some load combinations in mat raft files are of the Lateral Group type and use a "Zero-Tension" analysis. Since a load combination using a "Zero-Tension" analysis does not use Alternate Envelope Factors, then such load combinations in mat files have been expanded into multiple load combinations.

In some cases, the assumption that all gravity loads act in the same direction have been used to keep the number of load combinations to a minimum. See Specifying Load Combinations for further description.

ASTRAGALUS MONSPESSULANUS PDF

aci 318-02

The purpose and origin of each load combination are given. You can remove or modify any of these load combinations. You can also add load combinations. The load and strength reduction factors changed significantly in the ACI code.

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American Concrete Institute

All rights reserved. Worldwide rights of ownership rest with Computers and Structures, Inc. Unlicensed use of these programs or reproduction of documentation in any form, without prior written authorization from Computers and Structures, Inc. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior explicit written permission of the publisher. Further information and copies of this documentation may be obtained from: Computers and Structures, Inc. Contents Organization

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CFD-ACI-318-02.pdf

November 1, to supersede Cagley Chairman Craig E. Barnes Florian G. Barth Roger J. Becker Kenneth B.

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