La necesidad diaria de desembarazarse de unos solutos que representan aproximadamente miliosmoles se consigue eliminando una orina muy concentrada hasta 1. En este caso, se habla de fracaso renal agudo obstructivo o post-renal. De todo ello resulta una orina con escaso contenido en sodio, con un contenido en potasio relativamente elevado, y relativamente concentrada con osmolalidad elevada. Una vez llegados a este punto, y si hemos descartado razonablemente la existencia de IRA pre-renal, deberemos solicitar una prueba de imagen.
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Blood clots in the urinary tract What tests are done to find out if I have acute kidney injury? Depending on the cause of your acute kidney injury, your healthcare provider will run different tests if he or she suspects that you may have AKI. It is important that AKI is found as soon as possible because it can lead to chronic kidney disease, or even kidney failure. It may also lead to heart disease or death. The following tests may be done: Measuring urine output: Your healthcare provider will track how much urine you pass each day to help find the cause of your AKI.
GFR: Your blood test will also help find your GFR glomerular filtration rate to estimate the decrease in kidney function Imaging tests: Imaging tests, such as ultrasound, may help your doctor see your kidneys and look for anything abnormal. What is the treatment for acute kidney injury? Treatment for AKI usually requires you to stay in a hospital.
Most people with acute kidney injury are already in the hospital for another reason. How long you will stay in the hospital depends on the cause of your AKI and how quickly your kidneys recover.
In more serious cases, dialysis may be needed to help replace kidney function until your kidneys recover. The main goal of your healthcare provider is to treat what is causing your acute kidney injury. Your healthcare provider will work to treat all of your symptoms and complications until your kidneys recover. After having AKI, your chances are higher for other health problems such as kidney disease, stroke, heart disease or having AKI again in the future. The chances for developing kidney disease and kidney failure increase every time AKI occurs.
To protect yourself, you should follow up with your healthcare provider to keep track of your kidney function and recovery. The best ways to lower your chances of having kidney damage and to save kidney function are to prevent acute kidney injury or to find and treat it as early as possible.
Lesión renal aguda
AKI: Lesión renal aguda
Sepsis asociada a lesión renal aguda