In the light of the Report of the agreement reached between the Government of Malaya and the Government of Singapore, the British and Malayan Government decided principle that, subject to the necessary legislation, the proposal Federation of Malaysia should be brought into being by the 31st August Its task was to work out the future constitutional arangements, including safeguards for the special interests of North Borneo and Sarawak to cover such matters as religious freedom, education, representation in the Federal Parliarment the position of the indigenous races, control of immigration, citizenship and the State Constitutions. Lim Beng Siew, and Mr. The first Sub-committe meeting was held in Jesselton on the 8th October, and the series of meeting concluded with Plenary meeting in Kuala Lumpur on the 18th, 19th and 20th Desember.
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The idea of a political association between Malaya, Singapore and the three Borneo territories of North Borneo, Sarawak and Brunei has been discussed many years. On the 27th May, , the Prime Minister of the Federation of Malaya, Tunku Abdul Rahman, in a speech at a Press luncheon in Singapore, spoke favourably about the practical possibility of such an association. In the meantime, on the 23rd August, , broad agreement had been reached in principle between the Prime Ministers of the Federation of Malaya and Singapore for a merger of the two territories.
A Memorandum setting out Heads of Agreement for the proposed merger was published as a Singapore White Paper  on the 15th November, The London discussions were held from the 20th—22nd November, , and a Joint Statement by the British and Malayan Governments was issued on the 23rd November, In the light of a full study of the problem which has been going on for some months, the British and Malayan Governments are convinced that this is a desirable aim.
The Ministers took note with satisfaction of the Heads of Agreement recently negotiated between the Goverments of Malaya and Singapore for the merging of the State of Singapore with the Federation. Before coming to any final decision it is necessary to ascertain the views of the peoples of North Borneo and Sarawak. It has accordingly been decided to set up a Commission to carry out this task and to make recommendations.
The Commission will be composed of a Chairman and four members, two nominated by the British Government and two by the Malayan Government. The terms of reference of the Commission are attached at Annex A.
At the same time the views of the Sultan of Brunei are being sought. In regard to defence matters it was decided that, in the event of the formation of the proposed Federation of Malaysia, the existing Defence Agreement between Britain and Malaya should be extended to embrace the other territories concerned.
It was, however, agreed that the Goverment of the Federation of Malaysia will afford to the Government of the United Kingdom the right to continue to maintain bases at Singapore for the purpose of assisting in the defence of Malaysia, and for Commonwealth defence and for the preservation of peace in South—East Asia The text of the arrangements agreed is attached at Annex B.
There had been much discussion on the subject in the local Press which continued throughout our visit. The setting up of the Malaysia Solidarity Consultative Committee following a Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Regional Conference in Singapore in July also resulted in useful unofficial exchanges of views between representatives from Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo and Sarawak including unofficials members of the Legislative Council and Council Negri , together with observers from Brunei.
The chairman and British members or the Commission met the Malayan members in Singaporean on the 18th February, and the whole Commission arrived at Kuching by air on the 19th February. We held our first full meeting same afternoon, and began hearings in Kuching on the following day. Prior to our arrivaI, the Governments of North Borneo and Sarawak had made preparatory arrangements for our travel and accommodation in the two territories. Our Secretary had also visited Kuching and Jesselton during the preceding week.
All persons who wished to submit written memoranda to the Commission were invited to do so, In response to this invitation we received some 2, letters and mernoranrla nearly in North Bonteo and over 1, in Sarawak from town boards, district council, associations of many kinds, political parties, chambers of commerce, trade unions. From these memoranda we obtained much valuable material and assistance. An open invitation to appear before the Commission was extended to all persons who wished to give oral evidence.
We are glad to be able to record that full advantage was taken of this invitation and that as a result we were able to meet and talk with large numbers representative individuals and bodies, many of whom had submitted written memoranda which we were able to discuss with them.
The willingness of the public to come forward and stale their views quietly and responsibly was almost everywhere impressive and gratifying. Our itinerary Appendix A had been so planned that representatives from every District in each Territory had an opportunity to meet the Commission at selected District centres. We thus held 50 hearings at 35 different centres 10 centres in Sarawak and 15 in North Borneo.
Over 4, persons appeared before us in some groups which varied in size from 1 to over Most groups appointed one or more of their number to act as spokesman, and we took pains to ensure as far as possible that anyone else who wished to state a different view, or to contribute additional points, was given full opportunity to do so.
All our hearings were conducted in private. Assurances were given that evidence and memoranda submitted to us would be treated as confidential to the Commission; where views are attributed in this Report to particular organisations or bodies, they had already been made known in the Press by the organisations or bodies themselves. During our tour we paid an informal courtesy call on His Highness the Sultan of Brunei, who graciously received us with his principal Ministers. February ; "Malaysia and Sarawak" Kuching.
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The idea of a political association between Malaya, Singapore and the three Borneo territories of North Borneo, Sarawak and Brunei has been discussed many years. On the 27th May, , the Prime Minister of the Federation of Malaya, Tunku Abdul Rahman, in a speech at a Press luncheon in Singapore, spoke favourably about the practical possibility of such an association. In the meantime, on the 23rd August, , broad agreement had been reached in principle between the Prime Ministers of the Federation of Malaya and Singapore for a merger of the two territories. A Memorandum setting out Heads of Agreement for the proposed merger was published as a Singapore White Paper  on the 15th November, The London discussions were held from the 20th—22nd November, , and a Joint Statement by the British and Malayan Governments was issued on the 23rd November,
Report of the Commission of Enquiry, North Borneo and Sarawak, 1962
Report The Commission released its findings, report and recommendations on 1 August It concluded that the formation of Malaysia should be implemented. However, Lord Cobbold also stressed that all parties enter the federation as equal partners. The findings were summarised by Lord Cobbold as follows: About one-third of the population of each territory strongly favours early realisation of Malaysia without too much concern about terms and conditions.
Malaysia, Report of the Inter-Governmental Committee, 1962
Report[ edit ] The Commission released its findings, report and recommendations on 1 August It concluded that the formation of Malaysia should be implemented. However, Lord Cobbold also stressed that all parties enter the federation as equal partners. Another third, many of them favourable to the Malaysia project, ask, with varying degrees of emphasis, for conditions and safeguards varying in nature and extent: the warmth of support among this category would be markedly influenced by a firm expression of opinion by Governments that the detailed arrangements eventually agreed upon are in the best interests of the territories. The remaining third is divided between those who insist on independence before Malaysia is considered and those who would strongly prefer to see British rule continue for some years to come. If the conditions and reservations which they have put forward could be substantially met, the second category referred to above would generally support the proposals. Moreover once a firm decision was taken quite a number of the third category would be likely to abandon their opposition and decide to make the best of a doubtful job.