ARIEL DORFMAN DEATH AND THE MAIDEN PLAY PDF

Areil Dorfman used three characters which are representation of social matters like lack of ethics, patriarchal values and anti-religion. Dorfman emphasizes social matters, draw out causes, and develop resolutions to the matters that allegorical references address. Dorfman sorted to address these matters in his home country Chile. Dorfman developed an allegory that portrayed the brutal and unfriendly government in Chile. The characters of this narrative are used as the symbols to represent these struggles.

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Areil Dorfman used three characters which are representation of social matters like lack of ethics, patriarchal values and anti-religion. Dorfman emphasizes social matters, draw out causes, and develop resolutions to the matters that allegorical references address. Dorfman sorted to address these matters in his home country Chile. Dorfman developed an allegory that portrayed the brutal and unfriendly government in Chile.

The characters of this narrative are used as the symbols to represent these struggles. Paulina Salas wanted to bring positive changes that may heal the country. Even though the old regime existed in the past, the impacts of crime against humanity were still not forgotten.

Salas continued to struggle in life after being raped and tortured by Doctor Miranda. Salas could repress her memories, although she did not realize on how to accept the cruel past. Doctor Roberto Miranda is the person who allegedly raped Paulina. Gerardo Escobar involved in a profession that is ironically oriented.

Dorfman uses Escobar as a symbol that represents justice. Dorfman developed the dichotomy of responsibilities to depict the various approaches that people strive to adopt in order to change their lives. Escobar claimed that the crimes occurred 15 years ago; he wanted to bring the criminal to trial.

Escobar had no grudge against anybody for he accepted the iniquities that happened in the past. Escobar was different from his wife Paulina who still held a grudge and intended to take revenge.

Escobar accepted the past and he wanted forgiveness to prevail. He wanted others to accept the past, move on with life and reconcile. Dorfman used Escobar as a symbol of showing how the people should address their conflicts; accepting what happened and hold no grudges against anyone was an important consideration of handling violence. Dorfman used the approach as an effective way of bringing a harmonious relationship into the society.

If human beings cannot settle their past grievances, they will continually seek revenge, but no peace of mind. The main symbols in the play: Death and the Maiden by Ariel Dorfman Mirror This narrative ends when the mirrors drop down. Dorfman used this symbol as an effect to the audience for it catalyzes the aspect of self-exploration to the audience.

Dorfman used allegories and symbolism to express his opinions about the society. Dorfman used an allusion Chile, his home background to convey his opinion to the audience. Dorfman depicted that if people seek revenge, people cannot accept and forget the past. Dorfman implied that the effective way in which people can receive peace is through love and acceptance. In the past, Chile experienced atrocious events and many people suffered seriously. Women were among the people who suffered, and they suffered more than men because of their gender.

Chile passed through a dictatorship, and these atrocious experiences caused much suffering to women. Dorfman used the three characters as symbols. There is the third character that is identified as Doctor Roberto Miranda. House The author used the house as a symbol that was used as the setting that harbors human lives.

Doctor Miranda gave Gerardo Escobar a free lift. It became a conflict between the torture, intervener, and the victim. Dorfman placed the three characters in a chaotic isolated house in order to explore matters that are related to reconciliation and justice.

Gerardo Escobar and his commission were mandated to give justice to the community; they had to restore sanity that the county has to believe. Escobar and his commission wanted people to accept their past, forgive and reconcile. People, who were tortured and raped in the past, protested against the idea of giving criminals amnesty. The commission intended to promote forgiveness and healing to enable the new government to begin the new period of prosperity and peace.

Paulina Salas accused the commission of giving the former government amnesty; she wanted the perpetrators who caused criminal acts to be prosecuted. Paulina Salas struggles to oppose the patriarchal ideology in the society. Women were reduced to submissive individuals.

Every character that Dorfman used represents a particular people in the country. She represented women who were raped, tortured and abducted under the former government. Roberto Miranda was the person who Paulina accused of torture and rape. Miranda represented perpetrators who caused crimes. Music Dorfman took the title of the narrative death and the maiden from the music that Franz Schubert composed and sang.

Paulina liked the music, but she disliked it when people played it repeatedly because the music made her remember her painful experience. In the county, Dorfman became determined in understanding how the whole tragic information was to be told and played. Workshop production was established in Santiago, Chile during in order to play the story. The play received an award London Time Out prize. The play was informative especially to the societies that suffered from repressive regimes.

The play received high praise in England and the United States. Death and the Maiden is an inspiring dramatic play that looks at the psychological consequence of human rights mistreatments abuses. Paulina expected Doctor Miranda to repent and say sorry because seeking reconciliation influences her to do this. Dorfman portrayed Paulina as a vengeful person; he meant that women living in Chile suffered from such vengeful acts and seeks to avenge themselves against their enemies.

Tape recorder Dorfman used tape recorders in his work. The tape recorders were use to record some part of the play. The information stored in the tape recorders was important because they were used to determine whether Miranda was guilty as claimed by Paulina Salas.

Through day and night, Paulina tried to contract a confession from the doctor. Paulina continued to suffer from the memories of torture, humiliation, rape, and trauma.

The conflict started when Escobar was given a lift by the doctor who takes him to his house. Paulina used the gun to kidnap the doctor into a private room. In this private room, Paulina acted as an executor, judge or a prosecutor. The doctor was compelled to confess for the crimes he committed.

Paulina threatened to kill the doctor; she wanted the doctor to confess to his crimes. Instead of helping his wife to achieve justice, he intended to offer amnesty to criminals like Doctor Miranda. This move annoyed Paulina, and the people to wonder how the victims would ever achieve justice.

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Death and the Maiden's haunting relevance

Paulina Salas — 38 years old Gerardo Escobar — her husband, a lawyer, around forty-five Roberto Miranda — a doctor, around fifty The time is the present and the place, a country that is probably Chile but could be any country that has given itself a democratic government just after a long period of dictatorship. Synopsis[ edit ] Paulina Salas is a former political prisoner in an unnamed Latin American country who had been raped by her captors, led by a sadistic doctor whose face she never saw. Years later, after the also unnamed repressive regime has fallen, Paulina lives in an isolated country house with her husband, Gerardo Escobar. When Gerardo comes back from a visit to the president, he gets a flat tire. A stranger named Dr. Miranda stops to assist him.

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