24C256 PDF

Most devices have chip select and write protect pins. Other devices[ edit ] EEPROM memory is used to enable features in other types of products that are not strictly memory products. Products such as real-time clocks , digital potentiometers , digital temperature sensors , among others, may have small amounts of EEPROM to store calibration information or other data that needs to be available in the event of power loss. It was also used on video game cartridges to save game progress and configurations, before the usage of external and internal flash memories.

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Most devices have chip select and write protect pins. Other devices[ edit ] EEPROM memory is used to enable features in other types of products that are not strictly memory products. Products such as real-time clocks , digital potentiometers , digital temperature sensors , among others, may have small amounts of EEPROM to store calibration information or other data that needs to be available in the event of power loss.

It was also used on video game cartridges to save game progress and configurations, before the usage of external and internal flash memories. Failure modes[ edit ] There are two limitations of stored information; endurance, and data retention. During rewrites, the gate oxide in the floating-gate transistors gradually accumulates trapped electrons. The electric field of the trapped electrons adds to the electrons in the floating gate, lowering the window between threshold voltages for zeros vs ones.

After sufficient number of rewrite cycles, the difference becomes too small to be recognizable, the cell is stuck in programmed state, and endurance failure occurs. The manufacturers usually specify the maximum number of rewrites being 1 million or more. The manufacturers usually guarantee data retention of 10 years or more. In the industry, there is a convention to reserve the term EEPROM to byte-wise erasable memories compared to block-wise erasable flash memories.

EEPROM can be programmed and erased electrically using field electron emission more commonly known in the industry as "Fowler—Nordheim tunneling". Erase is via an ultraviolet light source, although in practice many EPROMs are encapsulated in plastic that is opaque to UV light, making them "one-time programmable". Most NOR flash memory is a hybrid style—programming is through hot carrier injection and erase is through Fowler—Nordheim tunneling.

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Follow More by the author: About: I am a physician by trade. After a career in the pharmeceutical world I decided to take it a bit slower and do things I like. Other than my hobbies that involves grassroots medicine in S. I have bu The 24LC holds kilobits of data that is 32 kilobytes. The 24LS can also run on 3.

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EEPROM(AT24C256)

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